|Welsh House, Ferguson at Mary
But this house is unique. It is built in a brick laying style called 'rowlock bond'. In early building (as opposed to today's which is most often brick veneer) bricks were usually laid in one of two bonds - common, or the more costly and impressive Flemish bond.
Common bond was laid in rows - 6 or 7 rows of stretchers (the long side), then a row of headers (you got it, the end bit), reaching back to attach to whatever is behind...guess that's why we talk about 'bond'. Flemish bond is the alternating placement of headers and stretchers within each row. It took more time, so was more costly (although with wages as they were, the difference wouldn't seem prohibitive to us today). Often Flemish bond is on the important front of a building (because the Victorians were all about appearances - who does that make you think of?) and common bond on the sides and back.
So...back to rowlock bond, which is what I'm on about today.
Rowlock bond consisted of laying the brick on its narrow edge, perhaps to make the bricks 'go further'. Stretchers and headers still alternated. Rowlock bond characterizes early brick building only - the later bricks with frogs, or indents, wouldn't have been suitable (although I have seen a photo of one in Baysville).
So the bricks look...bigger. Rowlock always makes me think of those 'second teeth' that kids grow before the size of their face catches up...big teeth.
Or you could wait til summer 2013 when Orland French's new book Wind Water Barley and Wine is released. A number of us have contributed from our unique perspectives. Orland's let me ramble on a bit about early building in Prince Edward County.
In 1984, Cruikshank and Stokes stated that there were 10 rowlock bond houses still left in Picton...some in hiding under stucco or other cladding. Picton was a hotbed of rowlock bond building, although there are scattered examples in the province. One, in Port Britain, has a sweet Picton connection.
My camera and I really must get to the old town one day soon, when the sun is out and the temperature bearable. Last time I looked, there was a plain little house on the town hill, with some cladding torn off, prior to what I expected was demolition - for there be condos. But work appeared stalled...perhaps it was a nasty surprise for a developer or a delight for an old house nut, for peering out from beneath the siding was what appeared, to a distracted driver heading downhill rapidly, to be rowlock bond.